[Gmsh] Unsolved problem! mesh cannot adapt from fine to coarse in a simple 2D geo

Christophe Geuzaine cgeuzaine at ulg.ac.be
Fri Apr 24 07:58:22 CEST 2015


> On 23 Apr 2015, at 23:43, ryan kim <realnumeric at gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> Hi German and gmsh team,
> 
> Thanks for the discussion.
> This manual point adding can play the trick for this problem but it is "not a systematic" way to apply. For a general irregular geometry, to automatically add this point or even a number of points in the empty area is a problem! I expect gmsh has the feature to make this fine to coarse transition. However, I dig deep into gmsh literature and did not find this feature to have fine mesh ONLY around the small geometry. 
> 
> I hope gmsh team can confirm this with me, or advise someway to achieve this other than the trick to insert point in empty area manually.
> 

For general cases you can use a Field, to control the mesh depending on the distance to geometrical entities. See tutorial/t10.geo.

> Thanks,
> Kim
> 
> 2015-04-23 4:12 GMT-07:00 Theler German Guillermo <gtheler at cites-gss.com>:
> These three lines at the end of your geo file will do the trick:
> 
> Plane Surface(22) = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
> Point(23) = {0, 0, 0, lc};
> Point {23} In Surface {22};
> 
> 
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> Germán Theler :: CTO Eng & IT
> 
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> 
> 
> On Wed, 2015-04-22 at 01:38 -0700, ryan kim wrote:
>> I have used gmsh in my application for a while. However, one kind of simple and standard geometry still makes bad mesh result. The geometry is just a rectangular plane with four small holes at each corner like this:
>> -------------------------------------
>> |                                    |
>> |                                    |
>> |     __                    __    |
>> |     |  |                    |   |   |
>> |     ---                     ----   |
>> |                                    |
>> |                                    |
>> |     __                     __   |
>> |     |   |                    |   |  |
>> |     ----                     ----  |
>> |                                    |
>> |                                    |
>> |____________________ |
>> 
>> 
>> Surprisingly, gmsh generated fine mesh not only around the four holes, but also in the area between the holes. Therefore, the entire mesh size is huge. The ideal mesh should only have fine mesh around the holes at corner since coarse mesh is enough for the center area.
>> 
>> 
>> I read the history of the mailing list and find some discussion about this problem. However, no good solution has been provided. Someone suggested using
>> Mesh.CharacteristicLengthExtendFromBoundary= 0;
>> 
>> However, it indeed generated coarse mesh at the center but the triangle quality is bad with very sharp angle. 
>> 
>> Using fields: "Attractor", and "Threshold" as in tutorial t10 does not work as well.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Here is the script of the simple test case as described above. I also attached the bad mesh result as I mentioned. Hope someone can discuss this classic problem with me.
>> 
>> lc = 10;
>> lc1 = 1;
>> Point(1) = {-100, -100, 0, lc};
>> Point(2) = {100, -100,  0, lc} ;
>> Point(3) = {100, 100, 0, lc} ;
>> Point(4) = {-100,  100, 0, lc} ;
>> Line(1) = {1,2} ;
>> Line(2) = {3,2} ;
>> Line(3) = {3,4} ;
>> Line(4) = {4,1} ;
>> Line Loop(1) = {4,1,-2,3};
>>  
>> Point(5) = {49, 49, 0, lc1};
>> Point(6) = {49, 51,  0, lc1} ;
>> Point(7) = {51, 51, 0, lc1} ;
>> Point(8) = {51, 49, 0, lc1} ;
>> Line(6) = {5,6} ;
>> Line(7) = {7,6} ;
>> Line(8) = {7,8} ;
>> Line(9) = {8,5} ;
>> Line Loop(2) = {9,6,-7,8}; 
>> 
>> Point(11) = {49, -49, 0, lc1};
>> Point(12) = {49, -51, 0, lc1};
>> Point(13) = {51, -51, 0, lc1};
>> Point(14) = {51, -49, 0, lc1};
>> Line(10) = {11,12} ;
>> Line(11) = {13,12} ;
>> Line(12) = {13,14} ;
>> Line(13) = {14,11} ;
>> Line Loop(3) = {13,10,-11,12}; 
>> 
>> Point(15) = {-49, 49, 0, lc1};
>> Point(16) = {-49, 51,  0, lc1} ;
>> Point(17) = {-51, 51, 0, lc1} ;
>> Point(18) = {-51, 49, 0, lc1} ;
>> Line(14) = {15,16} ;
>> Line(15) = {17,16} ;
>> Line(16) = {17,18} ;
>> Line(17) = {18,15} ;
>> Line Loop(4) = {17,14,-15,16};
>> 
>> Point(19) = {-49, -49, 0, lc1};
>> Point(20) = {-49, -51,  0, lc1} ;
>> Point(21) = {-51, -51, 0, lc1} ;
>> Point(22) = {-51, -49, 0, lc1} ;
>> Line(18) = {19,20} ;
>> Line(19) = {21,20} ;
>> Line(20) = {21,22} ;
>> Line(21) = {22,19} ;
>> Line Loop(5) = {21,18,-19,20};
>> 
>> Plane Surface(1) = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} ;
>> //Mesh.CharacteristicLengthExtendFromBoundary= 0;
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Thanks,
>> 
>> Kim
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> _______________________________________________
>> gmsh mailing list
>> 
>> gmsh at geuz.org
>> http://www.geuz.org/mailman/listinfo/gmsh
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